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PhD (Political Science) at -Marmara University

This article can be very interesting for those who are dealing with Turkish foreign policy relations with both the big powers like the US and Russia and regional powers like the EU and NATO.

There is a changing balance of power in the international arena and a rise of competing blocs. The emerging powers such as Turkey  has once again made the extent the national interests shape foreign policies clear.

As known, there are some schools of thought in Int'l Relations Theory discipline. Realism which sees the state as the main actor in world politics argues that states behave in an interest-driven way. I agree with what Realist IR theory says. States are engaged in maximizing their national interests and this is inevitable in world politics.

This article argues that Turkey's foreign policy decisions are fueled by interests, not by ideology. This is true as the state (official) ideologies in the contemporary world has become fluid and almost evaporating.



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Turkey's foreign policy shaped by interests, not ideology

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kishwar Munir Politics
PhD Scholar , Lecturer & Research Associate  at University of Lahore
2 years ago

I agree @BegumBurak , The realism is at work globally and in international each actor tries to maximize their gains and minimizes losses

Nabil Shokri Politics
PhD in Political Science  at Contributing Analyst Wikistrat
2 years ago

I don't agree with the content of the article as we can see, there are different evaluations of the Turkish foreign policy. For example, in the last decade we witnessed the rise of Neo-Ottomanism in an evident way. The ideological and ethnic meaning of that cannot be neglected in dealing with Turkey.

To avoid any misconception here in this post, I will mention few Middle Eastern and western scholars which worked on the issue in an objective way, with extremely critical results:

- MH Yavuz (1998) has noticed such a dilemma since he assessed the Ottoman legacy within the Turkish nationhood.

Yavuz, M. Hakan. "Turkish identity and foreign policy in flux: The rise of Neo‐Ottomanism." Critique: Journal for Critical Studies of the Middle East 7.12 (1998): 19-41.

- Murinson (2006) highlights that Turkish foreign policy has undergone a paradigmatic shift from Kemalism to Neo-Ottomanism under the leadership of Turgut O¨ zal during his tenure, first as prime minister from 1983 through 1989 and then president from 1987 until his death in 1993.

Murinson, Alexander. "The strategic depth doctrine of Turkish foreign policy." Middle Eastern Studies 42.6 (2006): 945-964.

- Ergul (2012) overcomes the political legacy of Ottomanism and has theorized a critical view based on Turkish ethnic identity which is correlated with the Rum population in Asia and Europe. This article actually is one of my favorites, not only because the author is a prominent Turkish scholar, but because he went directly to the point.

Thank you @Begum Burak‍ for the article that might open a useful and great discussion. 

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Begum Burak Politics
PhD (Political Science) at -Marmara University
2 years ago

Thanks a lot for your valuable comments and resource recommendations. Yes, the article is just a newspaper column and it does not deal with the issue in a satisfying way....

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